Friday, October 2, 2009

Child Trafficking

What is Child Trafficking?

Child Trafficking: Trafficking of children is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of children for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation includes forcing children into prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

HIV/AIDS is a deadly disease, without a cure, of the human immune system due to infection by a virus.

Child Labour (Child Labor)

What is Child Labour or Child Labor?

Child labour, or child labor, refers to the employment of children at regular and sustained labour. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organizations and is illegal in many countries.

Related: Child Labour in, Child Labor, Child Labour

United Nations

What is United Nations (UN)?

The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945. The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonising the actions of nations in attaining these ends.

UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

What is United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)?

UNESCO was founded in November 1945 with the aim to build peace in the world through knowledge, social progress, exchange and mutual understanding among peoples.

Thursday, October 1, 2009

WHO - the World Health Organization & Public Health

What is the World Health Organization (WHO) and Public Health? (Definition)

WHO or World Health Organization or World Health Organisation is the United Nations specialised agency for health, established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

The WHO six-point agenda to improve Public Health?

WHO operates in an increasingly complex and rapidly changing landscape. The boundaries of public health action have become blurred, extending into other sectors that influence health opportunities and outcomes. WHO responds to these challenges using a six-point agenda. The six points address two health objectives, two strategic needs, and two operational approaches. The overall performance of WHO will be measured by the impact of its work on women's health and health in Africa.

1. Promoting development
2. Fostering health security
3. Strengthening health systems
4. Harnessing research, information and evidence
5. Enhancing partnerships
6. Improving performance

Report, Policy and Statistics on Public Health by World Health Organization

Progress on public health-related MDGs

* Some 27% fewer children died before their fifth birthday in 2007 than in 1990.
* Maternal mortality has barely changed since 1990.
* 27 countries reported a reduction of up to 50% in the number of malaria cases between 1990 and 2006.
* The number of people with access to safe drinking-water
rose from 4.1 billion in 1990 to
5.7 billion in 2006.

UNICEF - United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund

What is United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF)?

UNICEF was created in December 1946 by the United Nations to provide food, clothing and public health care to European children facing famine and disease in the aftermath of the Second World War. Their mandate is to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential.

What They Do?

Child Survival and Development

Evidence-based child survival, nutrition and environmental

Basic Education & Gender Equality

Free, compulsory quality education for all children

HIV/AIDS and Children

Mother-to-Child Transmission, Paediatric Treatment, Prevention, Children Affected by AIDS

Child Protection

Protecting children from violence, exploitation and abuse

Policy Advocacy & Partnerships

Data, policy analysis, leveraging resources, child participation

Friday, September 18, 2009

Child Act, Child Policy, Protection Key Data

Birth Registration (2003)

• In 2003 nearly 50 million births go unregistered every year.

• South Asia has the largest number of unregistered children, with more than 23 million of births not registered. This equates to over 47 per cent of the unregistered births worldwide.

• In Sub-Saharan Africa, 55 per cent of children under five have not been registered.

Child Labour (2004)

• Estimates suggest that there were about 317 million economically active children aged 5 to 17 in 2004, of whom 218 million could be regarded as child labourers. Of the latter, 126 million were engaged in hazardous work.

• Children working in the home of a third party or ‘employer’ are extremely vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. ILO estimates that more girls under age 16 are in domestic service than in any other category of child labour.

• It is estimated that 5.7 million children are trapped into forced or bonded labour.

Child Marriage

• Data collected from 1987 to 2005 showed that in developing countries 36 per cent of women aged 20-24 were married or in union before they reached 18 years of age.

• An estimated 14 million adolescents between 15 and 19 give birth each year.

Marriage of young girls is most common in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Child Trafficking

• According to the latest estimates in for 2002, some 1.2 million children are trafficked worldwide every year.

Children Associated with Armed Groups

• Latest estimates suggest that more than 250,000 children are currently serving as child soldiers.

• An estimated 90 per cent of global conflict-related deaths since 1990 have been civilians, and 80 percent of these have been women and children.

Children and Justice

• More than 1 million children worldwide are detained by law enforcement officials.

Children without Parental Care

• There are an estimated 133 million children who are orphans (orphan children) (children aged 0–17 who have lost one or both parents) world wide. Of these children, 15 million were orphaned by AIDS, more than 12 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa.

• Asia has the highest number of orphans due to all causes, with 74 million children.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

• Of the 1.39 million people involved in forced commercial sexual exploitation and 40–50 per cent are children.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM)

• It is estimated that more than 130 million women and girls alive today have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting.

• FGM/C occurs mainly in countries stretching from Senegal in West Africa to Somalia in East Africa and to Yemen in the Middle East, but it is also practiced in some parts of south-east Asia. Reports from Europe, North America and Australia indicate that it is practiced among immigrant communities in those regions as well.

Violence against Children

• Studies conducted since 1980 suggest that worldwide 20 per cent of women and 5 to 10 per cent of men suffered sexual abuse as children.

Updated: 27 April, 2007 (Courtesy by: UNICEF)

Thursday, September 17, 2009

Child Protection UNICEF (Part 1)

Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Child Abuse

UNICEF Child Protection Official Note

Protecting children from violence, exploitation and abuse is an integral component of protecting their rights to survival, growth and development. An estimated 300 million children worldwide are subjected to violence, exploitation and abuse including the worst forms of child labor in communities, schools and institutions; during armed conflict; and to harmful practices such as female genital mutilation/cutting and child marriage.

Child Molestation and Sexual Abuse Statistics

Child Molesters

Child Molestation and Sexual Abuse victims are growing every year. Most probably it is increasing due to easy access to pornography (pornographic material) on internet.

According to Charles Keating of Citizens for Decency Through Law, research reveals that 77% of child molesters of boys and 87% of child molesters of girls admitted imitating the sexual behavior they had seen in pornography they had watched.

FBI have shown that pornography is extremely influential in the actions of sex offenders and serial murders. Statistics show that 90% of the predators who molest children have had some type of involvement with pornography.

Roughly 33% of girls and 14% of boys are molested before the age of 18, according to the U.S. Justice Department. Nearly 2/3 of all sexual assaults reported involved minors and roughly 1/3 involved children under the age of 12. In most cases, however, child molestation goes unreported. Estimates are that only 35% of sexual abuse is reported & there are many others who don't say anything due to embarrassing feelings and frightening.

WHEN THIS ALL WILL STOP??? Get together with us to Stop Child Abuse Molestation Sexual Abuse

Monday, August 31, 2009

Child Neglect

What is Child Neglect?

The failure to provide a child with the basic necessities of life, including food, clothing, schooling, shelter, emotional security, medical care, and adequate supervision needed for his/her normal growth and development.

Emotional Abuse (A Common Type of Child Abuse)

What is Emotional Abuse?

The failure of a person (usually parent/caregiver) to meet the basic needs of affection and comfort of a child, including the isolation of a child, and snubbing or terrorizing him/her.

Sexual Abuse OR Child Molestation (A Common Type of Child Abuse)

What is Child Molestation?

Any activity in which an adult or an older child uses a younger child for his/her (abuser’s) sexual gratification.

Who is Child Molestor?

A man who has sex (usually sodomy) with a boy as the passive partner.

Physical Abuse (A Common Type of Child Abuse)

What is Physical Abuse?

A non-occidental injury to child caused by a parent/caregiver/stranger. It includes injuries which are caused by severe discipline, severe beating or Cigrate burns, bruising, laceration or welts, burns, fractures or dislocations, attempted suffocation or strangulation and death. It also includes abusive administration of drugs or alcohol to a child.

Sunday, August 30, 2009

Child Abuse Information

What is Child Abuse?

Any act which individuals, institutions or prossesses do (commission) or fail to do (omission) which directly or indirectly harm the children or damage the prospects of safe and healthy development into adulthood. This exposes the child to unnecessary suffering.
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