Friday, October 2, 2009

Child Trafficking

What is Child Trafficking?

Child Trafficking: Trafficking of children is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of children for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation includes forcing children into prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

HIV/AIDS is a deadly disease, without a cure, of the human immune system due to infection by a virus.

Child Labour (Child Labor)

What is Child Labour or Child Labor?

Child labour, or child labor, refers to the employment of children at regular and sustained labour. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organizations and is illegal in many countries.

Related: Child Labour in, Child Labor, Child Labour

United Nations

What is United Nations (UN)?

The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945. The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonising the actions of nations in attaining these ends.

UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

What is United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)?

UNESCO was founded in November 1945 with the aim to build peace in the world through knowledge, social progress, exchange and mutual understanding among peoples.

Thursday, October 1, 2009

WHO - the World Health Organization & Public Health

What is the World Health Organization (WHO) and Public Health? (Definition)

WHO or World Health Organization or World Health Organisation is the United Nations specialised agency for health, established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

The WHO six-point agenda to improve Public Health?

WHO operates in an increasingly complex and rapidly changing landscape. The boundaries of public health action have become blurred, extending into other sectors that influence health opportunities and outcomes. WHO responds to these challenges using a six-point agenda. The six points address two health objectives, two strategic needs, and two operational approaches. The overall performance of WHO will be measured by the impact of its work on women's health and health in Africa.

1. Promoting development
2. Fostering health security
3. Strengthening health systems
4. Harnessing research, information and evidence
5. Enhancing partnerships
6. Improving performance

Report, Policy and Statistics on Public Health by World Health Organization

Progress on public health-related MDGs

* Some 27% fewer children died before their fifth birthday in 2007 than in 1990.
* Maternal mortality has barely changed since 1990.
* 27 countries reported a reduction of up to 50% in the number of malaria cases between 1990 and 2006.
* The number of people with access to safe drinking-water
rose from 4.1 billion in 1990 to
5.7 billion in 2006.

UNICEF - United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund

What is United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF)?

UNICEF was created in December 1946 by the United Nations to provide food, clothing and public health care to European children facing famine and disease in the aftermath of the Second World War. Their mandate is to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential.

What They Do?

Child Survival and Development

Evidence-based child survival, nutrition and environmental

Basic Education & Gender Equality

Free, compulsory quality education for all children

HIV/AIDS and Children

Mother-to-Child Transmission, Paediatric Treatment, Prevention, Children Affected by AIDS

Child Protection

Protecting children from violence, exploitation and abuse

Policy Advocacy & Partnerships

Data, policy analysis, leveraging resources, child participation
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